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1. Armed conflict »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780199678433.003.0002

Chapter: 1. Armed conflict

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2013

Author: Neil Melvin

NeilMelvinAbstract and keywords to be supplied1. Armed conflictOverviewIn 2011–12 conflict continued to be a major concern for the international community, most notably in the Middle East, western Asia and Africa, but also with increased levels of interstate tension in East Asia. Nevertheless, deaths resulting from major organized violence worldwide remained at historically low levels.At the same time, the decline in both numbers of conflicts and fatalities that has characterized post-cold war international security has largely levelled off, albeit with spikes in some years (seesectionIIIin this chapter). Indeed, there are

2. Armed conflict »

Type: chapter

Chapter: 2. Armed conflict

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2014

Author: Neil Melvin

OverviewThere has been an overall decline in ‘peacefulness’ in recent years, as measured by the indicators of the Global Peace Index (seesectionIVin this chapter). This has been paralleled by an upward trend in fatalities caused by state-based conflicts (seesectionIII). Some regions of the world, notably the Middle East, have experienced significant rises in the number of battle-related deaths. There has also been a rise in internationalized intrastate conflict. These developments suggest a worrying upward trend in lethal violence related to state-based conflicts.In the post-cold war period, a leading response of the

2. Armed conflict »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198712596.003.0003

Chapter: 2. Armed conflict

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2014

Author: Neil Melvin, Isak Svensson, Magnus Lundgren, Peter Wallensteen, Patrik Johansson, Lotta Themnér, Camilla Schippa, Daniel Hyslop

NeilMelvinIsakSvenssonMagnusLundgrenPeterWallensteenPatrikJohanssonLottaThemnérCamillaSchippaDanielHyslopOxChapML2.27OUP TCI20140403.0Medicine-USSIPRI Yearbook Series2. Armed conflictOverviewThere has been an overall decline in ‘peacefulness’ in recent years, as measured by the indicators of the Global Peace Index (seesectionIVin this chapter). This has been paralleled by an upward trend in fatalities caused by state-based conflicts (seesectionIII). Some regions of the world, notably the Middle East, have experienced significant rises in the number of battle-related deaths. There has also been a rise

4. Armed conflict »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198737810.003.0004

Chapter: 4. Armed conflict

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2015

Author: Peter Wallensteen

PeterWallensteenOxChapML2.27OUP TCI20150902.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen4. Armed conflictOverviewThis chapter reports on recent developments in peace and conflict trends, focusing primarily on data collected through 2013. Based on its preliminary findings, the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) reported in early 2015 that there were more wars in 2014 than any other year since year 2000. Several other sources subsequently made similar observations: violence increased in 2014. In retrospect, 2014 may stand out as a particularly distressing year. However, there were few, if any, predictive indicators of the violence that unfolded

3. Armed conflict and instability in the Middle East and North Africa »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198811800.003.0003

Chapter: 3. Armed conflict and instability in the Middle East and North Africa

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2017

Author: Ian Davis, Dan Smith, Pieter D. Wezeman

IanDavisDanSmithPieter D.WezemanOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20170607.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen3. Armed conflict and instability in the Middle East and North AfricaOverviewThe Middle East and North Africa (MENA) remained at the heart of global security concerns throughout 2016. A variety of factors explain the region’s seemingly chronic insecurity and persistent susceptibility to armed conflict. These include governance failures in most Arab countries, the still-unfolding consequences of the 2003 invasion of Iraq by the US-led coalition and the complex relations and rivalries among regional powers. In 2016 at least 7

2. Armed conflict and peace processes »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198811800.003.0002

Chapter: 2. Armed conflict and peace processes

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2017

Author: Ian Davis

IanDavisOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20170607.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen2. Armed conflict and peace processesOverviewThis chapter reports on recent trends in armed conflict and peace processes. InsectionIthe Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) provides an overview of the past ten years of active armed conflicts, with a focus on 2016. The number of active armed conflicts decreased from 52 to 49 in 2016. Despite this reduction, 2016 is part of a trend towards a significantly larger number of conflicts in the past three years compared to the period 2007–13. Compared across

6. Armed conflict data trends »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198787280.003.0006

Chapter: 6. Armed conflict data trends

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2016

Author: Ian Davis

IanDavisOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20160601.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen6. Armed conflict data trendsOverviewIn recent years there has been a major growth in the availability and validity of data sets on various forms of violence.SectionIreviews the major advances in the collection and availability of data, with a particular focus on the widening of conceptual ambitions, increased precision in the recording of the occurrence of violence and innovations in source-mining techniques. It also discusses major ongoing problems, such as remaining data gaps and issues of data collection.Major questions

2. Armed conflict in the Middle East »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198787280.003.0002

Chapter: 2. Armed conflict in the Middle East

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2016

Author: Ian Davis

IanDavisOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20160601.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen2. Armed conflict in the Middle EastOverviewIn 2015, the Middle East remained a source of major insecurity for many of its countries and inhabitants, and of profound problems and challenges for neighbouring regions, most notably in the form of terrorist attacks in Paris and elsewhere, and the displacement of huge numbers of refugees.The key developments in the year are reviewed briefly insectionI:the intensification of military attacks against Houthi insurgents and their allies in Yemen by a coalition of countries

2. Armed conflict, crime and criminal violence »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780199581122.003.0003

Chapter: 2. Armed conflict, crime and criminal violence

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2010

Author: Ekaterina Stepanova

EkaterinaStepanovaContinuing proliferation of criminal violence in armed conflict settings and the growing links between crime and conflict underscore the need to more actively integrate the study of organized crime and criminal violence into the analysis of organized collective violence. In 2009 this was illustrated by the case of piracy rooted in the weak, conflict-torn state of Somalia and the interaction between the opium economy and conflict in Afghanistan. Even in the absence of classic armed conflict, systemic criminal violence, such as drug-trafficking-related violence in Mexico, may match conflict in scale and intensity and threaten to undermine human security

2. Armed conflicts and peace processes »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198821557.003.0002

Chapter: 2. Armed conflicts and peace processes

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2018

Author: Dan Smith

OxChapML2.50OUP TCI20180606.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen2. Armed conflicts and peace processesOverviewIn 2017, armed conflicts were active in at least 22 states and many involved multiple non-state armed groups and external actors. Likewise, peace processes are complex and multifaceted, but in 2017 there were few visible examples of successful peacebuilding interventions in the main armed conflicts discussed in this chapter. The resulting human costs fell primarily on civilian populations.In the first 11 months of 2017 the number of civilian deaths caused by explosive weapons was 42 per cent higher than in