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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2015

SIPRI Yearbook 2015

II. Biological arms control

Chapter:
13. Chemical and biological security threats
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2015
Author(s):
John Hart, Peter Clevestig

The principal legal instrument against biological warfare is the 1972 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC).1 Myanmar acceded to the BTWC in 2014 and as of December 2014, 171 states were party to the treaty; an additional 9 states had signed but not ratified it; and 16 had neither signed nor ratified it.2 Participation in the BTWC regime’s politically binding confidence-building measures (CBMs)— a means by which states parties demonstrate treaty compliance to each other—remained uneven. As of 15 September 2014, 67 parties (39.4 per cent) had submitted a CBM for the 2013 calendar year, while 52 parties had never submitted a CBM.3

Citation (MLA):
Hart, John, and Peter Clevestig. "13. Chemical and biological security threats." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 21 Apr. 2019. <http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198737810/sipri-9780198737810-chapter-13-div1-3.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Hart, J., & Clevestig, P. (2016). 13. Chemical and biological security threats. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2015: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 21 Apr. 2019, from http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198737810/sipri-9780198737810-chapter-13-div1-3.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Hart, John, and Peter Clevestig. "13. Chemical and biological security threats." In SIPRI Yearbook 2015: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 21 Apr. 2019, from http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198737810/sipri-9780198737810-chapter-13-div1-3.xml
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