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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2018

SIPRI Yearbook 2018

III. Transparency in military expenditure

Chapter:
4. Military expenditure
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2018
Author(s):
Dan Smith

Many governments choose to not completely disclose spending on military-related matters.1 Despite calls for improvements in levels of good governance and transparency in the military sector, a large part of actual military expenditure remains unknown. Levels of transparency vary greatly between countries.2 Some, such as Japan, New Zealand and Norway, provide substantial amounts of information on spending to the public. Others, such as Eritrea, Qatar, Uzbekistan and Viet Nam, provide no information at all to the public. The behaviour of most states lies somewhere between these extremes, providing information on military spending that lacks overall detail or context. In many cases information such as sources of funding (e.g. extra and off-budget financing), actual expenditure categories (e.g. disaggregated spending information) or purpose of spending (e.g. linked to defence policies) is missing.

Citation (MLA):
Smith, Dan. "4. Military expenditure." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 19 Dec. 2018. <http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198821557/sipri-9780198821557-chapter-4-div1-023.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Smith, D. (2016). 4. Military expenditure. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2018: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 19 Dec. 2018, from http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198821557/sipri-9780198821557-chapter-4-div1-023.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Smith, Dan. "4. Military expenditure." In SIPRI Yearbook 2018: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 19 Dec. 2018, from http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198821557/sipri-9780198821557-chapter-4-div1-023.xml
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