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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2010

SIPRI Yearbook 2010

Appendix 2B. The Global Peace Index 2010

Chapter:
2. Armed conflict, crime and criminal violence
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2010
Author(s):
Tim Macintyre, Camilla Schippa

The concept of peace is notoriously difficult to define. The simplest way of approaching it is in terms of harmony achieved by the absence of war or conflict. Applied to states, this would suggest that those not involved in wars with neighbouring states or suffering internal violent conflicts have achieved a state of peace. This is what Johan Galtung defined as ‘negative peace’ —an absence of violence.1 The concept of negative peace is immediately intuitive and empirically measurable and can be used as a starting point to elaborate its counterpart concept, ‘positive peace’ : having established what constitutes an absence of violence, is it possible to identify which structures and institutions create and maintain peace?

Citation (MLA):
Macintyre, Tim, and Camilla Schippa. "2. Armed conflict, crime and criminal violence." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 15 Dec. 2018. <http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199581122/sipri-9780199581122-appendix-2.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Macintyre, T., & Schippa, C. (2016). 2. Armed conflict, crime and criminal violence. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2010: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 15 Dec. 2018, from http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199581122/sipri-9780199581122-appendix-2.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Macintyre, Tim, and Camilla Schippa. "2. Armed conflict, crime and criminal violence." In SIPRI Yearbook 2010: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 15 Dec. 2018, from http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199581122/sipri-9780199581122-appendix-2.xml
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