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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2010

SIPRI Yearbook 2010

II. Africa

Chapter:
5. Military expenditure
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2010
Author(s):
Sam Perlo-Freeman, Olawale Ismail, Carina Solmirano

Military expenditure in Africa is estimated to have been $27.4 billion in 2009, an increase of 6.5 per cent in real terms compared to 2008. The increase, continuing the trend of the past decade, has been underpinned by a combination of ongoing military modernization programmes, counterterrorism measures, internal security challenges and economic growth, fuelled especially by increased oil and gas production and prices. Many established major spenders in Africa (e.g. Algeria, Angola, Nigeria, Libya and Sudan) and emerging mid-level spenders (e.g. Chad) have huge endowments of energy resources.

Citation (MLA):
Perlo-Freeman, Sam, Olawale Ismail, and Carina Solmirano. "5. Military expenditure." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 16 Dec. 2018. <http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199581122/sipri-9780199581122-div1-39.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Perlo-Freeman, S., Ismail, O., & Solmirano, C. (2016). 5. Military expenditure. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2010: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 16 Dec. 2018, from http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199581122/sipri-9780199581122-div1-39.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Perlo-Freeman, Sam, Olawale Ismail, and Carina Solmirano. "5. Military expenditure." In SIPRI Yearbook 2010: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 16 Dec. 2018, from http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199581122/sipri-9780199581122-div1-39.xml
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