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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2012

SIPRI Yearbook 2012

II. New peace operations in 2011

Chapter:
3. Peace operations and conflict management
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2012
Author(s):
Claire Fanchini

South Sudan’s proclamation of independence on 9 July 2011 was the culmination of a six-and-a-half-year peace process. The process began on 9 January 2005 with the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the Sudanese Government and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), ending the 28-year intrastate conflict.1 Although almost 99 per cent of the participants in the January 2011 referendum supported independence, South Sudan was born into a complex and fragile environment. Between January and mid-May 2011, insecurity had resulted in more than 116 000 internally displaced persons in southern Sudan.2 At the same time, humanitarian access to areas affected by conflict had been hampered. Conflict and deadly violence against large numbers of civilians persisted until early July.

Citation (MLA):
Fanchini, Claire. "3. Peace operations and conflict management." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 15 Dec. 2018. <http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199650583/sipri-9780199650583-div1-18.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Fanchini, C. (2016). 3. Peace operations and conflict management. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2012: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 15 Dec. 2018, from http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199650583/sipri-9780199650583-div1-18.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Fanchini, Claire. "3. Peace operations and conflict management." In SIPRI Yearbook 2012: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 15 Dec. 2018, from http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199650583/sipri-9780199650583-div1-18.xml
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