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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2012

SIPRI Yearbook 2012

About the authors

Chapter:
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2012

  • Marie Allansson (Sweden) is a Research Assistant with the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) at the Uppsala University Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Prior to joining the UCDP, she conducted an internship at the United Nation Development Programme (UNDP) Iraq Country Office, based in Jordan, focusing on small arms and light weapons.

  • Dr Ian Anthony (United Kingdom) is SIPRI Research Coordinator and Director of the SIPRI Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme. His publications include Reforming Nuclear Export Controls: The Future of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, SIPRI Research Report no. 22 (2007, co-author), and The Future of Nuclear Weapons in NATO (Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, 2010, co-author). He has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 1988

  • Dr Sibylle Bauer (Germany) is Director of the SIPRI Dual-use and Arms Trade Control Programme. Before joining SIPRI, she was a Researcher with the Institute for European Studies in Brussels. Since 2005 she has designed and implemented capacity-building activities in Europe and, more recently also South East Asia, with a focus on legal and enforcement issues related to the enhancement of transit, brokering and export controls. Her publications include The European Union Code of Conduct on Arms Exports: Improving the Annual Report, SIPRI Policy Paper no. 8 (2004, co-author), and chapters in From Early Warning To Early Action? The Debate on the Enhancement of the EU’s Crisis Response Capability Continues (European Commission, 2008, co-author) and The Arms Trade (Routledge, 2010). She has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 2004.

  • Jonas Baumann (Switzerland) is a Research Assistant with the Uppsala University Department of Peace and Conflict Research. He previously worked as a research fellow for the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).

  • Nenne Bodell (Sweden) is Director of the SIPRI Library and Documentation Department and of the SIPRI Arms Control and Disarmament Documentary Survey Programme. She has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 2003.

  • Mark Bromley (United Kingdom) is a Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Arms Transfers Programme, where his work focuses on European arms exports and arms export controls and South American arms acquisitions. Previously, he was a policy analyst for the British American Security Information Council (BASIC). His recent publications include Implementing an Arms Trade Treaty: Lessons on Reporting and Monitoring from Existing Mechanisms, SIPRI Policy Paper no. 28 (July 2011, co-author), Transparency in Military Spending and Arms Acquisitions in Latin America and the Caribbean, SIPRI Policy Paper no. 31 (Jan. 2012, co-author), and ‘The review of the EU Common Position on arms exports: prospects for strengthened controls’, Non-proliferation Papers no. 7 (Jan. 2012). He has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 2004.

  • Gareth Evans (Australia) is Chancellor of Australian National University, Professorial Fellow at the University of Melbourne and President Emeritus of the International Crisis Group, which he led from 2000 to 2009. He was a member of the Australian Parliament for 21 years, and a cabinet minister for 13, including as foreign minister between 1988 and 1996. He co-chaired the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (2000–2001), which initiated the ‘responsibility to protect’ concept, and the International Commission on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament (2008–10). He has written or edited nine books, including The Responsibility to Protect: Ending Mass Atrocity Crimes Once and for All (Brookings Institution Press, 2008).

  • Claire Fanchini (France) is a Research Assistant with the SIPRI Armed Conflict and Conflict Management Programme, where her research focuses on peace operations and the triggers of armed conflict. She also contributes to the SIPRI Project on Security, Democratization and Good Governance in Africa. Prior to joining SIPRI, she worked for Amnesty International France as a creative writer. Her recent publications include ‘Ressources et conflits: de nouveaux défis à la sécurité internationale du XXIe siècle’ [Resources and conflicts: emerging challenges to international security in the 21st century], Diplomatie, Grands Dossiers no. 7 (Feb.–Mar. 2012).

  • Vitaly Fedchenko (Russia) is a Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme, with responsibility for nuclear security issues and the political, technological and educational dimensions of nuclear arms control and non-proliferation. Previously, he was a visiting researcher at SIPRI and worked at the Center for Policy Studies in Russia and the Institute for Applied International Research in Moscow. He is the author or co-author of several publications on nuclear forensics, nuclear security and verification, and the international nuclear fuel cycle, including Reforming Nuclear Export Controls: The Future of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, SIPRI Research Report no. 22 (2007, co-author). He has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 2005.

  • Dr Bates Gill (United States) is Director of SIPRI. Before joining SIPRI in 2007, he held the Freeman Chair in China Studies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in Washington, DC. He previously served as a Senior Fellow in Foreign Policy Studies and inaugural Director of the Center for Northeast Asian Policy Studies at the Brookings Institution. At the end of 2012 he will take up a new appointment as the Chief Executive Officer of the United States Studies Centre in Sydney, Australia. He has a long record of research and publication on international and regional security issues, particularly regarding arms control, non-proliferation, strategic nuclear relations, peacekeeping and military–technical development, especially with regard to China and Asia. His most recent publications include Governing the Bomb: Civilian Control and Democratic Accountability of Nuclear Weapons (2010, Oxford University Press, co-editor), Asia’s New Multilateralism: Cooperation, Competition, and the Search for Community (Columbia University Press, 2009, co-editor) and Rising Star: China’s New Security Diplomacy (Brookings, 2007, revised edn 2010). He contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook in 1994, 1996, 2004 and since 2008.

  • Dr Alexander Glaser (Germany) is Assistant Professor at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Princeton University. He is a participant in the university’s Program on Science and Global Security and works with the International Panel on Fissile Materials, which publishes the annual Global Fissile Material Report. He holds a PhD in physics from Darmstadt University of Technology and works on nuclear energy and security policy with a focus on nuclear non-proliferation and arms control. He is co-editor of Science & Global Security. He has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 2007.

  • Mikael Grinbaum (Sweden) is studying for a master’s degree in global studies at Gothenburg University. He holds a bachelor’s degree in peace and conflict studies from Uppsala University. He was an intern at SIPRI in 2011–12.

  • Lina Grip (Sweden) is a Researcher with the SIPRI Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme and is SIPRI’s coordinator for the EU Non-proliferation Consortium. She is also a doctoral candidate in political science at Helsinki University. Her research interests include regional and multilateral non-proliferation and arms control policies and processes, with a focus on the European Union. Her recent publications include ‘Mapping the European Union institutional actors related to WMD non-proliferation’, Non-proliferation Papers no. 1 (May 2011), and ‘Assessing selected European Union external assistance and cooperation projects on WMD non-proliferation’, Non-proliferation Papers no. 6 (Dec. 2011).

  • John Hart (United States) is a Senior Researcher and Head of the Chemical and Biological Security Project of the SIPRI Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme. He is also a doctoral candidate in military sciences at the Finnish National Defence University. In 2011 he headed an expert group to facilitate EU support for public health in Central Asia and the South Caucasus under the Instrument for Stability. His publications include Chemical Weapon Destruction in Russia: Political, Legal and Technical Aspects, SIPRI Chemical & Biological Warfare Studies No. 17 (1998, co-editor), and Historical Dictionary of Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Warfare (Scarecrow Press, 2007, co-author). He has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 1997.

  • Dr Paul Holtom (United Kingdom) is Director of the SIPRI Arms Transfers Programme. Previously, he was a Research Fellow with the University of Glamorgan Centre for Border Studies. His research interests include the monitoring of international conventional arms transfers, with a particular focus on Russia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, promoting greater transparency in international arms transfers, and strengthening conventional arms transfer controls to prevent trafficking. His most recent publications include Implementing an Arms Trade Treaty: Lessons on Reporting and Monitoring from Existing Mechanisms, SIPRI Policy Paper no. 28 (July 2011, co-author), China’s Energy and Security Relations with Russia: Hopes, Frustrations and Uncertainties, SIPRI Policy Paper no. 29 (Oct. 2011, co-author), and ‘European Union arms export control outreach activities in Eastern and South Eastern Europe’, Non-proliferation Papers no. 14 (Apr. 2012, co-author). He has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 2007.

  • Dr Olawale Ismail (Nigeria) is a Researcher with the SIPRI Military Expenditure and Arms Production Programme and coordinator of the SIPRI Project on Security, Democratization and Good Governance in Africa. He holds a PhD in peace studies from the University of Bradford. He previously worked with the Conflict, Security and Development Group (CSDG), King’s College London, and for the SIPRI Project on Budgeting for the Military Sector in Africa. His recent publications include Dynamics of Post-conflict Reconstruction and Peace Building in West Africa: Between Change and Security (Nordic Africa Institute, 2009) and ‘The dialectics of “junctions” and “bases”: youth, “securo-commerce” and the crises of order in downtown Lagos’, Security Dialogue (2009). He contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook in 2003 and since 2010.

  • Dr Susan T. Jackson (United States) is Head of the Arms Production Project of the SIPRI Military Expenditure and Arms Production Programme. Her work focuses on the links between militarization and globalization. She has published on the national security exception and the marketing of militarism. She has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 2010.

  • Noel Kelly (Ireland) is a Research Assistant with the SIPRI Military Expenditure and Arms Production and Arms Transfers programmes. He is responsible for the electronic archive common to these three research areas and maintains the SIPRI reporting system for military expenditure. He has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 2009.

  • Shannon N. Kile (United States) is a Senior Researcher and Head of the Nuclear Weapons Project of the SIPRI Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme. His principal areas of research are nuclear arms control and non-proliferation, with a special interest in Iran and regional security issues. His publications include Europe and Iran: Perspectives on Non-proliferation, SIPRI Research Report no. 21 (2005, editor), and Verifying a Fissile Materials Cut-off Treaty: Technical and Organizational Considerations, SIPRI Policy Paper no. 33 (2012). He has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 1993.

  • Hans M. Kristensen (Denmark) is Director of the Nuclear Information Project at the Federation of American Scientists (FAS). He is a frequent consultant to the news media and institutes on nuclear weapon matters and is co-author of the ‘Nuclear notebook’ column in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. His recent publications include Obama and the Nuclear War Plan (FAS, 2010) and Non-Strategic Nuclear Weapons (FAS, 2012). He has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 2001.

  • Glenn McDonald (Canada) is a Senior Researcher and Yearbook Coordinator at the Small Arms Survey, where he specializes in small arms control measures. He has played an advisory role in successive United Nations small arms processes and in 2012 is an adviser to the president-designate of the Second Review Conference for the UN Programme of Action. He has also worked in UN peacekeeping (Somalia, 1994–95) and post-conflict peacebuilding (Rwanda, 1995). His recent publications include ‘Weapons tracing and peace support operations: theory or practice?’, Small Arms Survey Issue Brief no. 4 (Mar. 2012, co-author), and ‘Precedent in the making: the UN meeting of governmental experts’, Small Arms Survey Issue Brief no. 5 (Mar. 2012).

  • Dr Neil Melvin (United Kingdom) is Director of the SIPRI Armed Conflict and Conflict Management Programme. Prior to joining SIPRI he held senior adviser positions in the Energy Charter Secretariat and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). He has also worked at a variety of leading policy institutes in Europe and has published widely on issues of conflict, with a particular focus on ethno-religious issues. In recent years he has broadened his research interests to consider the impact of resources on conflict, notably the issue of energy and conflict. His recent publications include ‘New social media and conflict in Kyrgyzstan’, SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security 2011/1 (Aug. 2011, co-author). He contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook in 2006, 2007 and 2011.

  • Zia Mian (Pakistan/United Kingdom) is a physicist with Princeton University’s Program on Science and Global Security, where he directs the Project on Peace and Security in South Asia. He is co-deputy chair of the International Panel on Fissile Materials and co-editor of Science & Global Security. His work focuses on nuclear weapons, arms control and disarmament, and nuclear energy issues in India and Pakistan. He contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook in 2003 and since 2007.

  • Thomas Morgan (Australia) is a Research Fellow at the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP). He leads the development of IEP’s United States Peace Index, the first index to rank all the states of the USA by their peacefulness and has worked extensively on data analysis to investigate what leads to peaceful societies. He has worked on the Global Peace Index since 2010.

  • Marcus Nilsson (Sweden) is a Research Assistant with the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) at the Uppsala University Department of Peace and Conflict Research. His publications include ‘Reaping what was sown: conflict outcome and post-civil war democratization’, Cooperation and Conflict (forthcoming 2012).

  • Dr Sam Perlo-Freeman (United Kingdom) is a Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Military Expenditure and Arms Production Programme, responsible for monitoring data on military expenditure worldwide. Previously, he was a Senior Lecturer at the University of the West of England, working in the field of defence and peace economics. His recent publications include ‘The demand for military expenditure in developing countries: hostility vs capability’, Defence and Peace Economics (August 2008, co-author), a chapter on the UK’s arms industry in The Global Arms Trade: A Handbook (Routledge, 2009) and ‘Budgetary priorities in Latin America: military, health and education spending’, SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security 2011/2 (Dec. 2011). He has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 2003.

  • Phillip Schell (Germany) is a Researcher with the SIPRI Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Programme. Before joining SIPRI in September 2011, he worked at NATO’s Emerging Security Challenges Division and the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies.

  • Camilla Schippa (Italy/Sweden) is Director of the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), where she manages the development of the Global Peace Index as well as the research carried out internationally on and around the index. Until 2008 she was chief of office of the United Nations Office for Partnerships, where she guided the creation of strategic alliances between the UN and corporations, foundations and philanthropists. She has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 2010.

  • Dr Hans-Joachim Schmidt (Germany) is a Senior Research Fellow at the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF/HSFK). His work focuses on military confidence building and conventional arms control in Europe and on the Korean Peninsula. He also studies the Six Party Talks on the nuclear issue with North Korea. His publications include The Future of Conventional Arms Control in Europe (Nomos 2009, co-editor), Konventionelle Rüstungskontrolle in Europa: Wege in die Zukunft [Conventional arms control in Europe: paths towards the future], HSFK Report no. 6/2011 (co-author), ‘Caps and bans: limiting, reducing, and prohibiting missiles and missile defence’ in Arms Control and Missile Proliferation in the Middle East (Routledge, 2011, co-author), and Nordkorea als Nuklearmacht: Chancen der Kontrolle [North Korea as a nuclear power: chances of its control], HSFK Report no. 1/2012.

  • Dr Elisabeth Sköns (Sweden) is Director of the SIPRI Military Expenditure and Arms Production Programme. Her current research focus is on the security-related activities of external actors in Africa and she leads the SIPRI Project on Security, Democratization and Good Governance in Africa. Her recent publications include ‘The private military services industry’, SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security no. 2008/1 (Sep. 2008, co-author), ‘The economics of arms production’ in Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace and Conflict (Elsevier, 2008, co-author), ‘The military-industrial complex’ in The Global Arms Trade (Routledge, 2010, co-author) and ‘The US defence industry after the cold war’ in The Global Arms Trade (Routledge 2010). She has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 1983.

  • Carina Solmirano (Argentina) is a Researcher with the SIPRI Military Expenditure and Arms Production Programme responsible for monitoring military expenditure in Latin America, the Middle East and South Asia. Prior to joining SIPRI, she worked at the Josef Korbel School of International Studies at the University of Denver, Colorado, where she is a doctoral candidate. She has also worked on arms control issues at the Argentine NGO Asociacion para Politicas Publicas and as an adviser at the Argentine Senate. Her recent publications include Transparency in Military Spending and Arms Acquisitions in Latin America and the Caribbean, SIPRI Policy Paper no. 31 (Jan. 2012, co-author). She has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 2010.

  • Samuel Taub (Sweden) is a Research Assistant with the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) at the Uppsala University Department of Peace and Conflict Research. He is the UCDP’s regional expert covering the Middle East and North Africa during the Arab Spring.

  • Lotta Themnér (Sweden) is a Research Coordinator with the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) at the Uppsala University Department of Peace and Conflict Research. She has edited eight editions of the UCDP’s States in Armed Conflict and has co-authored a number of articles and book chapters on armed conflicts. She has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 2005.

  • Professor Peter Wallensteen (Sweden) has held the Dag Hammarskjöld Chair in Peace and Conflict Research at Uppsala University since 1985 and has been the Richard G. Starmann Sr Research Professor of Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame since 2006. He directs the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) and the Special Program on International Targeted Sanctions (SPITS). His publications include Understanding Conflict Resolution: War, Peace and the Global System (Sage, 3rd edn, 2011), Peace Research: Theory and Practice (Routledge 2011) and The Go-Between: Jan Eliasson and the Styles of Mediation (US Institute of Peace Press, 2010, co-author). He has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 1988.

  • Pieter D. Wezeman (Netherlands) is a Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Arms Transfers Programme. Prior to rejoining SIPRI in 2006 he was a Senior Analyst for the Dutch Ministry of Defence in the field of proliferation of conventional and nuclear weapon technology. His recent publications include Arms Flows to Sub-Saharan Africa, SIPRI Policy Paper no. 30 (Dec. 2011, co-author). He has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 1995.

  • Siemon T. Wezeman (Netherlands) is a Senior Fellow with the SIPRI Arms Transfers Programme, where he has worked since 1992. Among his publications are several relating to international transparency in arms transfers, The Future of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, SIPRI Policy Paper no. 4 (Aug. 2003), Cluster Weapons: Necessity or Convenience? (Pax Christi Netherlands, 2005, co-author) and Arms Flows to Sub-Saharan Africa, SIPRI Policy Paper no. 30 (Dec. 2011, co-author). He has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 1993.

  • Sharon Wiharta (Indonesia) is a Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Armed Conflict and Conflict Management Programme, where she leads research on peacekeeping and peacebuilding issues. She currently directs the SIPRI Project on the New Geopolitics of Peace Operations, which seeks to better understand the perspectives and motives of emerging powers on the future of peace operations. Her publications include Peace Operations: Trends, Progress and Prospects (Georgetown University Press, 2008, co-editor) and The Civilian Contribution to Peace Operations, SIPRI Research Report (forthcoming 2012). She has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 2002.

  • Helen Wilandh (Sweden) is a Research Assistant with the SIPRI Military Expenditure and Arms Production Programme. Her main research interest is African security issues and she has worked on the SIPRI Project on Security, Democratization and Good Governance in Africa. She holds a master’s degree from Uppsala University and studied political science, international relations and international law at the Paris Institute of Political Studies (Sciences Po).

  • Dr Wolfgang Zellner (Germany) is Deputy Director of the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg (IFSH) and Head of the IFSH’s Centre for OSCE Research (CORE). He received his PhD in Political Science from the Free University of Berlin in 1994. From 1984 to 1991, he advised a member of the German Bundestag on military and security policy and arms control. He has (co-)authored and edited around 100 publications, mainly on European security, conventional arms control, national minorities, OSCE-related subjects, and transnational threats and challenges.

Citation (MLA):
"." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 18 Dec. 2018. <http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199650583/sipri-9780199650583-miscMatter-8.xml>.
Citation (APA):
(2016). . In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2012: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 18 Dec. 2018, from http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199650583/sipri-9780199650583-miscMatter-8.xml
Citation (Chicago):
"." In SIPRI Yearbook 2012: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 18 Dec. 2018, from http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199650583/sipri-9780199650583-miscMatter-8.xml
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