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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2013

SIPRI Yearbook 2013

IV. Security spending and violent organized crime in Central America

Chapter:
3. Military expenditure
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2013
Author(s):
Sam Perlo-Freeman

Central America—from Mexico to Panama—has had some of the lowest levels of military expenditure as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) in the world.1 Following the end of the region's civil wars in the 1990s and in the absence of any external military threats, defence spending in most Central American countries was constant or falling until at least the mid-2000s. However, in more recent years this trend has reversed, as some of the region's militaries have become involved in the fight against drug cartels and organized crime groups, alongside internal security forces. This section examines the trends in both military and internal security spending in the context of these developments, which has seen the boundary between ‘military’ and ‘internal’ security increasingly blurred.2

Citation (MLA):
Perlo-Freeman, Sam. "3. Military expenditure." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 15 Dec. 2018. <http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199678433/sipri-9780199678433-div1-21.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Perlo-Freeman, S. (2016). 3. Military expenditure. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2013: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 15 Dec. 2018, from http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199678433/sipri-9780199678433-div1-21.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Perlo-Freeman, Sam. "3. Military expenditure." In SIPRI Yearbook 2013: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 15 Dec. 2018, from http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199678433/sipri-9780199678433-div1-21.xml
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