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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2011

SIPRI Yearbook 2011

VIII. South Africa

Chapter:
4. Military expenditure
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2011
Author(s):
Sam Perlo-Freeman, Julian Cooper, Olawale Ismail, Elisabeth Sköns, Carina Solmirano

Although South Africa’s military expenditure is far lower than the other cases studied here, it is the highest in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2010 it totalled 32.9 billion rand ($4.5 billion), representing an estimated 1.2 per cent of GDP. While spending in 2010 was 2.0 per cent lower than in 2009, it was 22 per cent higher than in 2001.

Citation (MLA):
Perlo-Freeman, Sam, Julian Cooper, Olawale Ismail, Elisabeth Sköns, and Carina Solmirano. "4. Military expenditure." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 19 Nov. 2018. <http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199695522/sipri-9780199695522-div1-41.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Perlo-Freeman, S., Cooper, J., Ismail, O., Sköns, E., & Solmirano, C. (2016). 4. Military expenditure. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2011: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 19 Nov. 2018, from http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199695522/sipri-9780199695522-div1-41.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Perlo-Freeman, Sam, Julian Cooper, Olawale Ismail, Elisabeth Sköns, and Carina Solmirano. "4. Military expenditure." In SIPRI Yearbook 2011: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 19 Nov. 2018, from http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199695522/sipri-9780199695522-div1-41.xml
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