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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2011

SIPRI Yearbook 2011

VI. The Turkish arms industry

Chapter:
5. Arms production
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2011
Author(s):
Susan T. Jackson

The Turkish Government focused on arms industry development in the 1970s following Turkey’s invasion of Cyprus in 1974 and the subsequent US arms embargo.87 In the 1980s Turkey began arms industry-related governmental reorganization aimed at military modernization, although a severe economic crisis hampered Turkey’s ambitions throughout the 1980s and 1990s. There have been several iterations of a military modernization project since 1985, one goal of which is to increase the share of domestic production in arms procurement.88 Turkey’s official reasons for developing a domestic arms industry are threefold: to provide weapons that the Turkish Armed Forces (Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri, TSK) can use independently (strategic aim) and that the TSK needs (operational aim), and to establish the ability to support weapons domestically (logistical aim).89 In this way, Turkey is trying to achieve self-sufficiency. As in the cases of Israel and South Korea, Turkey ultimately has received much of its technology from the USA, and US companies have become an integral element in the Turkish arms industry.90 Part of the relationship Turkey has developed with the USA is based on the high levels of military aid that the former has received from the latter over the years. Turkey is working to diversify its foreign partners to include OECD countries such as Israel and South Korea, among others.91

Citation (MLA):
Jackson, Susan T.. "5. Arms production." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 16 Dec. 2018. <http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199695522/sipri-9780199695522-div1-55.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Jackson, S. (2016). 5. Arms production. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2011: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 16 Dec. 2018, from http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199695522/sipri-9780199695522-div1-55.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Jackson, Susan T.. "5. Arms production." In SIPRI Yearbook 2011: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 16 Dec. 2018, from http://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780199695522/sipri-9780199695522-div1-55.xml
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