We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more
Refine by type

Browse

You are looking at 91-100 of 1,297 items

4. Armed conflict and peace processes in Asia and Oceania »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198869207.003.0004

Chapter: 4. Armed conflict and peace processes in Asia and Oceania

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2020

Author: Ian Davis

IanDavisOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20200603.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen4. Armed conflict and peace processes in Asia and OceaniaOverviewSeven countries in Asia and Oceania experienced active armed conflicts in 2019—three in South Asia: Afghanistan (major internationalized civil war), India (high-intensity interstate border and subnational armed conflicts) and Pakistan (high-intensity interstate border and subnational armed conflicts); and four in South East Asia: Indonesia (low-intensity subnational armed conflict), Myanmar (high-intensity subnational armed conflict), the Philippines (high-intensity subnational armed conflict) and Thailand (low-intensity subnational armed conflict). Two emerging trends remained cause for concern in 2019: (a)

4. Armed conflict and peace processes in Asia and Oceania »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780192847577.003.0004

Chapter: 4. Armed conflict and peace processes in Asia and Oceania

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2021

Author: Ian Davis

IanDavisOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20210602.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen4. Armed conflict and peace processes in Asia and OceaniaOverviewSeven countries in Asia and Oceania experienced active armed conflicts in 2020 (the same as in 2019)—three in South Asia (sectionII): Afghanistan (major internationalized civil war), India (high-intensity interstate border and subnational armed conflicts) and Pakistan (low-intensity interstate border and subnational armed conflicts); and four low-intensity subnational armed conflicts in South East Asia (sectionIII): Indonesia, Myanmar, the Philippines and Thailand. Total conflict-related fatalities in Asia and Oceania fell by

4. Armed conflict and peace processes in Asia and Oceania »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780192883032.003.0004

Chapter: 4. Armed conflict and peace processes in Asia and Oceania

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2022

Author: Ian Davis

IanDavisOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20220601.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen4. Armed conflict and peace processes in Asia and OceaniaOverviewNine countries in Asia and Oceania experienced active armed conflicts in 2021 (two more than in 2020). These consisted of three in South Asia (sectionIII), namely Afghanistan (major internationalized civil war), India (low-intensity combined interstate border and subnational armed conflicts) and Pakistan (high-intensity combined interstate border and subnational armed conflicts); four in South East Asia (sectionIV), namely a major armed conflict in Myanmar and low-intensity subnational armed conflicts in

5. Armed conflict and peace processes in Europe »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198869207.003.0005

Chapter: 5. Armed conflict and peace processes in Europe

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2020

Author: Ian Davis

IanDavisOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20200603.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen5. Armed conflict and peace processes in EuropeOverviewOne armed conflict was active in Europe in 2019: the low-intensity internationalized, subnational armed conflict in Ukraine. Since April 2014 this armed conflict between Ukrainian Government forces and Russian-backed separatists has led to about 13 000 deaths (at least 3330 civilians and approximately 9670 combatants), but since 2018 combat-related deaths have been much lower: estimated at 405 in 2019, down from 886 in 2018.Political changes in Ukraine during 2019, and especially the presidential victory by Volodymyr Zelensky

5. Armed conflict and peace processes in Europe »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780192847577.003.0005

Chapter: 5. Armed conflict and peace processes in Europe

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2021

Author: Ian Davis

IanDavisOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20210602.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen5. Armed conflict and peace processes in EuropeOverviewTwo armed conflicts were active in Europe in 2020: the interstate border conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan for control of Nagorno-Karabakh, which escalated into high-intensity conflict during the year, and the ongoing low-intensity internationalized, subnational armed conflict in Ukraine. Elsewhere in Europe, tensions persisted in largely quiescent but unresolved conflicts in the post-Soviet space, the Western Balkans and Cyprus. There were also persistent tensions between Russia and large parts of the rest of Europe, as well as

5. Armed conflict and peace processes in Europe »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780192883032.003.0005

Chapter: 5. Armed conflict and peace processes in Europe

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2022

Author: Ian Davis

IanDavisOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20220601.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen5. Armed conflict and peace processes in EuropeOverviewTwo armed conflicts were active in Europe in 2021: the interstate border conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan for control of Nagorno-Karabakh, and the ongoing, low-intensity, internationalized, subnational armed conflict in Ukraine. In late 2021, a second large-scale Russian military build-up near Ukraine’s borders raised fears of the conflict in Ukraine escalating into a major interstate armed conflict (seesectionII).After being on a low simmer for months, the armed conflict in Donbas escalated again in

7. Armed conflict and peace processes in sub-Saharan Africa »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198869207.003.0007

Chapter: 7. Armed conflict and peace processes in sub-Saharan Africa

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2020

Author: Ian Davis

IanDavisOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20200603.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen7. Armed conflict and peace processes in sub-Saharan AfricaOverviewThere were at least 15 countries with active armed conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa in 2019: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, the Central African Republic (CAR), Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan. Eight were low-intensity, subnational armed conflicts, and seven were high-intensity armed conflicts (Nigeria, Somalia, the DRC, Burkina Faso, Mali, South Sudan and Cameroon). Almost all the armed conflicts were internationalized, including as a

7. Armed conflict and peace processes in sub-Saharan Africa »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780192847577.003.0007

Chapter: 7. Armed conflict and peace processes in sub-Saharan Africa

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2021

Author: Ian Davis

IanDavisOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20210602.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen7. Armed conflict and peace processes in sub-Saharan AfricaOverviewThere were at least 20 states (out of a total of 49 states) with active armed conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa in 2020: Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, the Central African Republic (CAR), Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda. Ten were low-intensity, subnational armed conflicts, and 10 were high-intensity armed conflicts. Except for CAR and Somalia, all the other

7. Armed conflict and peace processes in sub-Saharan Africa »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780192883032.003.0007

Chapter: 7. Armed conflict and peace processes in sub-Saharan Africa

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2022

Author: Ian Davis

IanDavisOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20220601.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen7. Armed conflict and peace processes in sub-Saharan AfricaOverviewAt least 18 states in sub-Saharan Africa (out of a total of 49) experienced active armed conflict in 2021. High-intensity armed conflicts occurred in 12 states—Nigeria (9913 estimated conflict-related deaths); Ethiopia (8958); the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) (5683); Somalia (3261); Burkina Faso (2373); South Sudan (2156); Mali (1910); the Central African Republic (CAR) (1707); Sudan (1652); Niger (1460); Cameroon (1395); and Mozambique (1158)—and low-intensity, subnational armed conflicts in a further 6 (Benin, Burundi, Chad,

3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the Americas »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198869207.003.0003

Chapter: 3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the Americas

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2020

Author: Marina Caparini

MarinaCapariniOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20200603.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the AmericasOverviewIn 2019 non-international armed conflicts, as defined under international humanitarian law, were present in two countries in the Americas: Colombia and Mexico. Implementation of the 2016 Colombian peace agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia–People’s Army continued throughout 2019. At the same time the Government of Colombia was involved in several non-international armed conflicts with non-signatory non-state armed groups, while there were additional conflicts among such groups. The fragmentation and growing presence of these groups