We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more
Refine by type

Browse

You are looking at 71-80 of 1,032 items

2. Armed conflict »

Type: chapter

Chapter: 2. Armed conflict

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2014

Author: Neil Melvin

OverviewThere has been an overall decline in ‘peacefulness’ in recent years, as measured by the indicators of the Global Peace Index (seesectionIVin this chapter). This has been paralleled by an upward trend in fatalities caused by state-based conflicts (seesectionIII). Some regions of the world, notably the Middle East, have experienced significant rises in the number of battle-related deaths. There has also been a rise in internationalized intrastate conflict. These developments suggest a worrying upward trend in lethal violence related to state-based conflicts.In the post-cold war period, a leading response of the

2. Armed conflict »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198712596.003.0003

Chapter: 2. Armed conflict

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2014

Author: Neil Melvin, Isak Svensson, Magnus Lundgren, Peter Wallensteen, Patrik Johansson, Lotta Themnér, Camilla Schippa, Daniel Hyslop

NeilMelvinIsakSvenssonMagnusLundgrenPeterWallensteenPatrikJohanssonLottaThemnérCamillaSchippaDanielHyslopOxChapML2.27OUP TCI20140403.0Medicine-USSIPRI Yearbook Series2. Armed conflictOverviewThere has been an overall decline in ‘peacefulness’ in recent years, as measured by the indicators of the Global Peace Index (seesectionIVin this chapter). This has been paralleled by an upward trend in fatalities caused by state-based conflicts (seesectionIII). Some regions of the world, notably the Middle East, have experienced significant rises in the number of battle-related deaths. There has also been a rise

4. Armed conflict »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198737810.003.0004

Chapter: 4. Armed conflict

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2015

Author: Peter Wallensteen

PeterWallensteenOxChapML2.27OUP TCI20150902.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen4. Armed conflictOverviewThis chapter reports on recent developments in peace and conflict trends, focusing primarily on data collected through 2013. Based on its preliminary findings, the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) reported in early 2015 that there were more wars in 2014 than any other year since year 2000. Several other sources subsequently made similar observations: violence increased in 2014. In retrospect, 2014 may stand out as a particularly distressing year. However, there were few, if any, predictive indicators of the violence that unfolded

3. Armed conflict and instability in the Middle East and North Africa »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198811800.003.0003

Chapter: 3. Armed conflict and instability in the Middle East and North Africa

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2017

Author: Ian Davis, Dan Smith, Pieter D. Wezeman

IanDavisDanSmithPieter D.WezemanOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20170607.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen3. Armed conflict and instability in the Middle East and North AfricaOverviewThe Middle East and North Africa (MENA) remained at the heart of global security concerns throughout 2016. A variety of factors explain the region’s seemingly chronic insecurity and persistent susceptibility to armed conflict. These include governance failures in most Arab countries, the still-unfolding consequences of the 2003 invasion of Iraq by the US-led coalition and the complex relations and rivalries among regional powers. In 2016 at least 7

2. Armed conflict and peace processes »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198811800.003.0002

Chapter: 2. Armed conflict and peace processes

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2017

Author: Ian Davis

IanDavisOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20170607.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen2. Armed conflict and peace processesOverviewThis chapter reports on recent trends in armed conflict and peace processes. InsectionIthe Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) provides an overview of the past ten years of active armed conflicts, with a focus on 2016. The number of active armed conflicts decreased from 52 to 49 in 2016. Despite this reduction, 2016 is part of a trend towards a significantly larger number of conflicts in the past three years compared to the period 2007–13. Compared across

2. Armed conflict and peace processes »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198839996.003.0002

Chapter: 2. Armed conflict and peace processes

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2019

Author: Ian Davies

IanDaviesOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20190605.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen2. Armed conflict and peace processesOverviewThis chapter describes developments in 2018 in armed conflicts and peace processes. It is structured regionally (the Americas, Asia and Oceania, Europe, the Middle East and North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa). Key examples are discussed based on academic and technical publications, news reports and conflict-related databases. The chapter does not cover all organized armed violence and largely excludes criminal violence, the main exception being some events in the Americas, discussed insectionII.SectionIexplores definitions and

4. Armed conflict and peace processes in Asia and Oceania »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198869207.003.0004

Chapter: 4. Armed conflict and peace processes in Asia and Oceania

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2020

Author: Ian Davis

IanDavisOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20200603.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen4. Armed conflict and peace processes in Asia and OceaniaOverviewSeven countries in Asia and Oceania experienced active armed conflicts in 2019—three in South Asia: Afghanistan (major internationalized civil war), India (high-intensity interstate border and subnational armed conflicts) and Pakistan (high-intensity interstate border and subnational armed conflicts); and four in South East Asia: Indonesia (low-intensity subnational armed conflict), Myanmar (high-intensity subnational armed conflict), the Philippines (high-intensity subnational armed conflict) and Thailand (low-intensity subnational armed conflict). Two emerging trends remained cause for concern in 2019: (a)

5. Armed conflict and peace processes in Europe »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198869207.003.0005

Chapter: 5. Armed conflict and peace processes in Europe

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2020

Author: Ian Davis

IanDavisOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20200603.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen5. Armed conflict and peace processes in EuropeOverviewOne armed conflict was active in Europe in 2019: the low-intensity internationalized, subnational armed conflict in Ukraine. Since April 2014 this armed conflict between Ukrainian Government forces and Russian-backed separatists has led to about 13 000 deaths (at least 3330 civilians and approximately 9670 combatants), but since 2018 combat-related deaths have been much lower: estimated at 405 in 2019, down from 886 in 2018.Political changes in Ukraine during 2019, and especially the presidential victory by Volodymyr Zelensky

7. Armed conflict and peace processes in sub-Saharan Africa »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198869207.003.0007

Chapter: 7. Armed conflict and peace processes in sub-Saharan Africa

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2020

Author: Ian Davis

IanDavisOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20200603.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen7. Armed conflict and peace processes in sub-Saharan AfricaOverviewThere were at least 15 countries with active armed conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa in 2019: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, the Central African Republic (CAR), Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan. Eight were low-intensity, subnational armed conflicts, and seven were high-intensity armed conflicts (Nigeria, Somalia, the DRC, Burkina Faso, Mali, South Sudan and Cameroon). Almost all the armed conflicts were internationalized, including as a

3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the Americas »

Type: chapter

DOI: 10.1093/sipri/9780198869207.003.0003

Chapter: 3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the Americas

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2020

Author: Marina Caparini

MarinaCapariniOxChapML2.50OUP TCI20200603.0SIPRIMedicine-UKSIPRI Yearbook SeriesNewgen3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the AmericasOverviewIn 2019 non-international armed conflicts, as defined under international humanitarian law, were present in two countries in the Americas: Colombia and Mexico. Implementation of the 2016 Colombian peace agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia–People’s Army continued throughout 2019. At the same time the Government of Colombia was involved in several non-international armed conflicts with non-signatory non-state armed groups, while there were additional conflicts among such groups. The fragmentation and growing presence of these groups