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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2021

SIPRI Yearbook 2021

II. The Covid‑19 pandemic

Chapter:
1. Introduction: International stability and human security in 2020
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2021
Author(s):
Dan Smith

This challenging global security environment is part of the international political background against which to consider the Covid‑19 pandemic. By the end of 2020, some 82 million people were recorded as having contracted the disease, and recorded deaths numbered approximately 1.8 million.66 There were grounds for regarding these figures as major underestimates, including both the many imperfections of testing schemes and data systems in different countries, as well as the diverse ways in which deaths are recorded. One estimate suggested that, compared to recorded data, an additional 500 million people may have been infected and additional deaths may number in multiple hundreds of thousands.67

Citation (MLA):
Smith, Dan. "1. Introduction: International stability and human security in 2020." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 20 Oct. 2021. <https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780192847577/sipri-9780192847577-chapter-001-div1-009.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Smith, D. (2016). 1. Introduction: International stability and human security in 2020. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2021: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 20 Oct. 2021, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780192847577/sipri-9780192847577-chapter-001-div1-009.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Smith, Dan. "1. Introduction: International stability and human security in 2020." In SIPRI Yearbook 2021: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 20 Oct. 2021, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780192847577/sipri-9780192847577-chapter-001-div1-009.xml
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