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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2021

SIPRI Yearbook 2021

II. The interstate armed conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan

Chapter:
5. Armed conflict and peace processes in Europe
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2021
Author(s):
Ian Davis

The interstate conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan centres on the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh (see figure 5.1).1 It was the first secessionist conflict to erupt in the former Soviet Union in 1988 and then became a confrontation between the two sovereign states of Armenia and Azerbaijan when they declared independence in 1991. An estimated 1 million people were displaced by the 1988–94 Nagorno-Karabakh War, and about 30 000 were killed.2 Following the Russian-brokered 1994 ceasefire, Nagorno-Karabakh and seven other districts (occupied by Armenia after the fighting as a security buffer) remained formally part of Azerbaijan but were de facto controlled by separatist ethnic Armenians whose economy, society and polity were deeply tied to Armenia. The self-proclaimed Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh (referred to as the Republic of Artsakh by Armenia) is not recognized by any United Nations member state, including Armenia.

Citation (MLA):
Davis, Ian. "5. Armed conflict and peace processes in Europe." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 20 Oct. 2021. <https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780192847577/sipri-9780192847577-chapter-005-div1-026.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Davis, I. (2016). 5. Armed conflict and peace processes in Europe. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2021: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 20 Oct. 2021, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780192847577/sipri-9780192847577-chapter-005-div1-026.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Davis, Ian. "5. Armed conflict and peace processes in Europe." In SIPRI Yearbook 2021: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 20 Oct. 2021, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780192847577/sipri-9780192847577-chapter-005-div1-026.xml
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