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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2021

SIPRI Yearbook 2021

12. Chemical and biological security threats

Chapter:
12. Chemical and biological security threats
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2021
Author(s):
Filippa Lentzo, Caitríona Mcleish

In 2020 the Covid‑19 pandemic changed the world in a way that very few had anticipated. Section I outlines the timeline of the pandemic; the impacts on people’s health and on society; competing theories on the origin of the virus; studies into the origins; and its implications for global biosecurity architecture. By the end of 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) had received reports of over 82 million cases of Covid‑19 worldwide, and there had been over 1.8 million recorded deaths. The actual number of infections and recorded deaths were likely to be considerably higher from undiagnosed cases and generally poor Covid‑19-related data. The pandemic’s global socio-economic impacts were at levels unprecedented since World War II.

Citation (MLA):
Lentzo, Filippa, and Caitríona Mcleish. "12. Chemical and biological security threats." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 25 Oct. 2021. <https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780192847577/sipri-9780192847577-chapter-012.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Lentzo, F., & Mcleish, C. (2016). 12. Chemical and biological security threats. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2021: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 25 Oct. 2021, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780192847577/sipri-9780192847577-chapter-012.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Lentzo, Filippa, and Caitríona Mcleish. "12. Chemical and biological security threats." In SIPRI Yearbook 2021: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 25 Oct. 2021, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780192847577/sipri-9780192847577-chapter-012.xml
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