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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2022

SIPRI Yearbook 2022

I. Tracking armed conflicts and peace processes

Chapter:
2. Global developments in armed conflict, peace processes and peace operations
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2022
Author(s):
Ian Davis, Claudia Pfeifer Cruz

In 2021 active armed conflicts occurred in at least 46 states (1 less than in 2020): 8 in the Americas; 9 in Asia and Oceania (2 more than in 2020); 3 in Europe; 8 in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA); and 18 in sub-Saharan Africa (3 less than in 2020)—see chapters 3–7 respectively.1 As in preceding years, most took place within a single country (intrastate) between government forces and one or more non-state armed groups (NSAGs) or between such groups. Only three were fought between states (the low-level border clashes between India and Pakistan, Armenia and Azerbaijan, and Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan), while two were fought between state forces and armed groups aspiring to statehood, with fighting sometimes spilling beyond recognized state borders (the conflicts between Israel and the Palestinians, and between Turkey and the Kurds).

Citation (MLA):
Davis, Ian, and Claudia Pfeifer Cruz. "2. Global developments in armed conflict, peace processes and peace operations." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 28 Jan. 2023. <https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780192883032/sipri-9780192883032-chapter-002-div1-011.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Davis, I., & Cruz, C. (2016). 2. Global developments in armed conflict, peace processes and peace operations. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2022: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 28 Jan. 2023, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780192883032/sipri-9780192883032-chapter-002-div1-011.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Davis, Ian, and Claudia Pfeifer Cruz. "2. Global developments in armed conflict, peace processes and peace operations." In SIPRI Yearbook 2022: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 28 Jan. 2023, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780192883032/sipri-9780192883032-chapter-002-div1-011.xml
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