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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2022

SIPRI Yearbook 2022

IV. Armed conflict in South America

Chapter:
3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the Americas
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2022
Author(s):
Marina Caparini

This section discusses the armed conflicts in Colombia, Brazil and Venezuela. The main focus is on Colombia, where at least three parallel and overlapping conflicts continued in 2021: one between the government and the National Liberation Army (Ejército de Liberación Nacional, ELN) and another between the government and dissident armed groups of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People’s Army (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia-Ejército del Pueblo, FARC-EP)’s former Eastern Bloc; and one between rival cartels the ELN and the Gaitanista Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (Autodefensas Gaitanistas de Colombia, AGC). In Brazil the armed conflict involved a complicated picture of state–gang violence, while in Venezuela the armed violence centred on rebel groups operating along the border with Colombia, as well as armed criminal activity.

Citation (MLA):
Caparini, Marina. "3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the Americas." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 28 Jan. 2023. <https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780192883032/sipri-9780192883032-chapter-003-div1-018.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Caparini, M. (2016). 3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the Americas. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2022: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 28 Jan. 2023, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780192883032/sipri-9780192883032-chapter-003-div1-018.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Caparini, Marina. "3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the Americas." In SIPRI Yearbook 2022: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 28 Jan. 2023, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780192883032/sipri-9780192883032-chapter-003-div1-018.xml
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