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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2022

SIPRI Yearbook 2022

3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the Americas

Chapter:
3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the Americas
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2022
Author(s):
Marina Caparini

Several armed conflicts meeting the non-International armed conflict (NIAC) threshold, as defined under International law, were active in Colombia and Mexico in 2021. In Colombia at least three parallel and overlapping conflicts continued: one between the government and the Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN) and another between the government and dissident armed groups of the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia-Ejército del Pueblo (FARC‑EP)’s former Eastern Bloc; and one between rival cartels the ELN and the Autodefensas Gaitanistas de Colombia (AGC). In Mexico three NIACs exist: one between the government and the Sinaloa Cartel and another between the government and the Cártel Jalisco Nueva Generación (CJNG); and one between the two rival cartels. In addition to these NIACs, there were various other situations of violence within the territories of Mexico and Colombia involving cartels, gangs and armed groups.

Citation (MLA):
Caparini, Marina. "3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the Americas." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 27 Sep. 2022. <https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780192883032/sipri-9780192883032-chapter-003.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Caparini, M. (2016). 3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the Americas. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2022: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 27 Sep. 2022, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780192883032/sipri-9780192883032-chapter-003.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Caparini, Marina. "3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the Americas." In SIPRI Yearbook 2022: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 27 Sep. 2022, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780192883032/sipri-9780192883032-chapter-003.xml
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