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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2019

SIPRI Yearbook 2019

About the authors

Chapter:
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2019

  • Dr Sibylle Bauer (Germany) is the Director of Studies for Armament and Disarmament at SIPRI. She also chairs the EU Non-proliferation and Disarmament Consortium. Previously, she established and led SIPRI’s Dual-use and Arms Trade Control Programme. In that capacity, she designed and implemented capacity-building activities in Europe and South East Asia and published widely on export control-related issues. Before joining SIPRI in 2003, she was a Researcher at the Institute for European Studies (ULB) in Brussels. Her recent publications include Bio Plus X: Arms Control and the Convergence of Biology and Emerging Technologies (SIPRI, Mar. 2019, co-author) and Setting the Stage for Progress towards Nuclear Disarmament (SIPRI, Apr. 2018, co-author).

  • Dr Vincent Boulanin (France/Sweden) is a Senior Researcher at SIPRI. He joined SIPRI in 2014, where he works on issues related to the production, use and control of emerging military and security technologies, notably autonomous weapon systems and cyber-security technologies. His other research interests include the impact of military and security technologies on the practice of security and military professionals and the social construction of threats and risks. He received his PhD in Political Science from École des Hautes en Sciences Sociales [the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences] in Paris.

  • Kolja Brockmann (Germany) is a Researcher in SIPRI’s Dual-use and Arms Trade Control Programme. He conducts research in the fields of export control, non-proliferation and technology governance. He focuses on controls on emerging technologies, intangible transfers of technology and the Arms Trade Treaty. Previously, he did a European Union Non-Proliferation Consortium internship at SIPRI and an internship at the German Federal Office for Economic Affairs and Export Control (BAFA). He received his MA in Non-Proliferation and International Security from King’s College London. His recent publications include The Challenge of Emerging Technologies to Export Controls: Controlling Additive Manufacturing and Intangible Transfers of Technology (Apr. 2018, co-author) and Arms transfer and SALW controls in the Middle East and North Africa: Mapping capacity-building efforts (Nov. 2018, co-author).

  • Mark Bromley (United Kingdom) is the Director of SIPRI’s Dual-use and Arms Trade Control Programme, where his work focuses on national, regional and international efforts to regulate the international trade in conventional arms and dual-use items. Previously, he was a Policy Analyst for the British American Security Information Council (BASIC). His recent publications include ‘Arms transfer and SALW controls in the Middle East and North Africa: Mapping capacity-building efforts’, SIPRI Background Paper (Nov. 2018, co-author), ‘The challenge of software and technology transfers to non-proliferation efforts: Implementing and complying with export controls’ (SIPRI, Apr. 2018, co-author), and ‘Export controls, human security and cyber-surveillance technology: Examining the proposed changes to the EU Dual-use Regulation’ (SIPRI, Dec. 2017).

  • Dr Ian Davis (United Kingdom) is the Executive Editor of the SIPRI Yearbook and an Associate Senior Fellow within Armament and Disarmament at SIPRI. From 2014–16 he was the Director of SIPRI’s Editorial, Publications and Library Department. Prior to joining SIPRI, he held several senior positions and worked as an independent human security and arms-control consultant. He has a long record of research and publication on international and regional security and blogs on NATOrelated issues. His recent publications include ‘Towards an open and accountable NATO’ in eds I. Shapiro and A. Tooze, Charter of NATO (Yale University Press, 2018) and ‘How much does the UK spend on nuclear weapons?’, BASIC Research Report (Nov. 2018).

  • Dr Tytti Erästö (Finland) is a Researcher in SIPRI’s Nuclear Disarmament, Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme. Her research interests include the Iran nuclear deal, the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), efforts to establish a weapons of mass destruction-free zone in the Middle East, United States–Russian arms control treaties, the USA/NATO–Russia missile defence dispute, and the global disarmament and non-proliferation regime more generally. Previously, she worked at the Ploughshares Fund in Washington, DC; the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School; the Vienna Center for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation; and the Tampere Peace Research Institute in Finland. Her recent publications include: ‘The NPT and the TPNW: Conflicting or compatible nuclear weapons treaties?’, SIPRI WritePeace blog (6 Mar. 2019); ‘The lack of disarmament in the Middle East: Thorn in the side of the NPT’, SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security (Jan. 2019); and ‘Dissecting international concerns about Iran’s missiles’, SIPRI Topical Backgrounder (15 Nov. 2018).

  • Dr Aude Fleurant (Canada/France) is the Director of SIPRI’s Arms and Military Expenditure Programme. Her research interests focus on the transformation of the military market and analysis of the interaction of supply and demand dynamics. Previously, she was the Director of Arms and Defence Economics at the Military Academy Strategic Research Institute in Paris. She has authored many articles on the arms industry and military expenditure during her tenures at the Military Academy and at SIPRI. Her recent publications include ‘Trends in world military expenditure, 2017’, SIPRI Fact Sheet (May 2018, co-author) and ‘Trends in international arms transfers, 2017’, SIPRI Fact Sheet (Feb. 2018, co-author).

  • Shannon N. Kile (United States) is the Director of SIPRI’s Disarmament, Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme. His principal areas of research are nuclear arms control and non-proliferation, with a special interest in the nuclear programmes of Iran and North Korea. His work also looks at regional security issues related to Iran and the Middle East. He has contributed to numerous SIPRI publications, including chapters on nuclear arms control and nuclear forces and weapon technology for the SIPRI Yearbook since 1994.

  • Ugnė Komžaitė (Lithuania) is an intern in SIPRI’s Nuclear Disarmament, Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme. She works on issues related to nuclear disarmament verification and the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. She received her MA in Arms Control and International Security from King’s College London. Her recent publications include “Operationalizing Nuclear Disarmament Verification”, SIPRI Working Paper (Apr. 2018, co-author).

  • Hans M. Kristensen (Denmark) is the Director of the Nuclear Information Project at the Federation of American Scientists (FAS) and a SIPRI Associate Senior Fellow. He is a frequent consultant to the news media and institutes on nuclear weapon matters, and is co-author of the ‘Nuclear notebook’ column in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. His recent publications include ‘INF, New START and what really matters for US–Russian nuclear arms control’, Russia Matters (Feb. 2017), ‘The growing threat of nuclear war and the role of the health community’, World Medical Journal (Oct. 2016), and ‘Nuclear arsenals: current developments, trends and capabilities’, International Review of the Red Cross (July 2016, co-author).

  • Alexandra Kuimova (Russia) is a Research Assistant in SIPRI’s Arms and Military Expenditure Programme. Working with SIPRI’s databases on military expenditure, the arms industry and arms transfers, she focuses on developments in the Middle East and North Africa region and post-Soviet states. Before joining SIPRI, Kuimova was an intern in the Department of New Challenges and Threats at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. She has also completed summer internships at Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Morocco, and Cairo University, Egypt. Her recent publications include six SIPRI Background Papers that are part of a series on Black Sea security dynamics: ‘Bulgaria and Black Sea Security’, ‘Georgia and Black Sea Security’, ‘Romania and Black Sea Security’, ‘Russia and Black Sea Security’, ‘Turkey and Black Sea Security’ and ‘Ukraine and Black Sea Security’ (Dec. 2018, co-author).

  • Quitterie de Labbey (France) is a Researcher at the Flemish Peace Institute in Belgium, working on the diversion of firearms in Europe. From July to December 2018 she was an intern with SIPRI’s Dual-use and Arms Trade Control Programme, where she worked on international cooperation and assistance to the implementation of the Arms Trade Treaty in various world regions. Her research interests focus on arms trade control, the proliferation of small arms and light weapons, and gun-related crime. She has a MA in International and European Governance from Sciences Po Lille (France) and the University of Münster (Germany). She has conducted traineeships at the German Ministry of Defence and the Group for Research and Information on Peace and Security.

  • Dr Filippa Lentzos (Norway) is a Senior Research Fellow at King’s College London and an Associate Senior Researcher within Armament and Disarmament at SIPRI. She is also a biosecurity columnist at the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, an Associate Editor of the journal BioSocieties, and the NGO Coordinator for the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention. A biologist and social scientist by training, she has researched and been actively involved in biological disarmament and non-proliferation for over 15 years. Her 450-page edited volume, Biological Threats in the 21st Century: The Politics, People, Science and Historical Roots, was published by Imperial College Press in 2016.

  • Dr Jaïr van der Lijn (Netherlands) is the Director of SIPRI’s Peace Operations and Conflict Management Programme. He is also an Associate Fellow at the Radboud University in Nijmegen. His research interests include the future of peace operations, their evaluation and factors for success and failure, and comprehensive approaches in missions. His recent publications include Peacebuilding and Friction: Global and Local Encounters in Post-conflict Societies (Routledge, 2016, co-editor); ‘Peacekeepers under threat? Fatality trends in UN peace operations’, SIPRI Policy Brief (Sep. 2015, co-author); African Directions: Towards an Equitable Partnership in Peace Operations (SIPRI, 2017, co-author); and ‘Multilateral peace operations and the challenges of organized crime’, SIPRI Background Paper (Feb. 2018).

  • Giovanna Maletta (Italy) is a Researcher in SIPRI’s Dual-Use and Arms Trade Control Programme. Her research interests include export controls and trade compliance, with a particular focus on the dual-use and arms export control policies of the European Union (EU). She also coordinates activities related to SIPRI’s role in the EU Non-proliferation and Disarmament Consortium. Further, Maletta’s work involves mapping cooperation and assistance activities in the field of arms transfer and SALW controls and of relevance to the implementation of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT).

  • Dr Caitríona McLeish (United Kingdom) is a Senior Fellow at the Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU), University of Sussex, and Co-Director of the Harvard Sussex Program on Chemical and Biological Weapons. The main focus of her research is on the governance of dual-use technologies in regard to the effective implementation of the prohibitions under both the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Biological Weapons Convention, and how to create effective mechanisms to prevent misuse of legitimate science and technology. Her recent work includes analysis of past chemical and biological warfare programmes; consideration of chemical weapons use and allegations of use; and various examinations of the roles that have and might be played in chemical and biological disarmament efforts by actors outside of government.

  • Timo Smit (Netherlands/Sweden) is a Researcher in SIPRI’s Peace Operations and Conflict Management Programme. He is in charge of SIPRI’s database on multilateral peace operations and conducts research on trends in peace operations and various related thematic issues. Prior to rejoining SIPRI in 2014, he worked for the European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Parliamentary Assembly. His recent publications include Trends in Women’s Participation in UN, EU and OSCE Peace Operations, SIPRI Policy Paper (Oct. 2018, co-author) and ‘Multilateral peace operations and the challenges of terrorism and violent extremism’, SIPRI Background Paper (Nov. 2017).

  • Dan Smith (United Kingdom) is the Director of SIPRI. He has a long record of research and publication on a wide range of conflict and peace issues. His current work focuses on the relationship between climate change and insecurity, on peace and security issues in the Middle East and on global conflict trends. He served four years in the United Nations Peacebuilding Fund Advisory Group, two of which (2010–11) were as the Chair. From 2014 to 2017 he was also a Professor of Peace & Conflict at the University of Manchester. He is the author of successive editions of atlases of politics, war and peace, and the Middle East, and of a blog on international politics.

  • Dr Nan Tian (South Africa) is a Researcher in SIPRI’s Arms and Military Expenditure Programme, where he leads the Military Expenditure Project. His region of expertise is Africa and Latin America, with research interests focused on the causes and impact of military expenditure and civil conflict, and the issues relating to transparency and accountability in military budgeting, spending and procurement. Previously, he worked as an Economist on climate change at the World-Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and was a Lecturer at the University of Cape Town. He has published in Defence and Peace Economics; The Economics of Peace and Security Journal; and Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy.

  • Dr Eneken Tikk (Estonia) is the Head of Power and Influence Studies at the Cyber Policy Institute (CPI) in Jyväskylä, Finland. In 2012–13, 2014–15 and 2016–17, she advised the Estonian expert to the UN Group of Governmental Experts on developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security. She currently teaches courses on the General Data Protection Regulation and cyber operations at TalTech (Tallinn University of Technology). Her recent publications include the Strategic Dossier on The Evolution of the Cyber Domain (IISS/Routledge, 2016), Voluntary, Non-Binding Norms for Responsible State Behaviour in the Use of Information and Communications Technology: A Commentary (UNODA, 2018, co-author), and Parabasis: Cyber-diplomacy in Stalemate (NUPI, 2018, co-author).

  • Dr Petr Topychkanov (Russia) is a Senior Researcher in SIPRI’s Nuclear Disarmament, Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme, working on issues related to nuclear non-proliferation, disarmament, arms control and the impact of new technologies on strategic stability. Prior to joining SIPRI in 2018, he held the position of Senior Researcher at the Centre for International Security at the Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences. From 2006–17, Topychkanov was a Fellow at the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Nonproliferation Program. He received his PhD in History in 2009 from the Institute of Asian and African Studies, Moscow State University. His recent publications include ‘US–Soviet/Russian dialogue on the nuclear weapons programme of India’, Strategic Analysis Journal (May 2018), and Setting the Stage for Progress towards Nuclear Disarmament, SIPRI Working Paper (Apr. 2018, co-author).

  • Maaike Verbruggen (Netherlands) is a PhD Researcher at the Institute for European Studies, Vrije Universiteit Brussel. From 2016–17 she worked as a Research Assistant at SIPRI, where she researched emerging military and security technologies. Her area of expertise is the challenges that emerging military technologies pose for arms control. Of special interest are the implications of the changing nature of science and technology for military innovation, and the potential synergies between arms control regimes to regulate emerging military technologies. She has an MPhil in Peace and Conflict Studies from the University of Oslo, and has done traineeships at the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs, and the Department for Non-Proliferation, Disarmament, Arms Control and Arms Export Controls at the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

  • Pieter D. Wezeman (Netherlands/Sweden) is a Senior Researcher in SIPRI’s Arms and Military Expenditure Programme. He has contributed to many SIPRI publications since 1994, including SIPRI’s annual reviews of global trends in arms transfers, arms industry and military expenditure. Among other things, he has published on military expenditure and capabilities in the Middle East, multilateral arms embargoes, arms flows to Africa, and the European arms industry. In 2003–2006 he also worked as a Senior Analyst on arms proliferation for the Dutch Ministry of Defence, and in 2017 as a Technical Expert for the United Nations Group of Governmental Experts during a review of the UN Report on Military Expenditure.

  • Siemon T. Wezeman (Netherlands) is a Senior Researcher in SIPRI’s Arms and Military Expenditure Programme. His areas of research include the monitoring of arms transfers, military spending and arms-producing companies, with a particular focus on the Asia–Pacific and former Soviet regions, the use of weapons in conflicts, transparency in arms transfers, and the development of conventional military technologies. His recent publications include ‘Military capabilities in the Arctic: A new cold war in the High North?’, SIPRI Background Paper (Oct. 2016); background papers on each of the six Black Sea littoral states and Black Sea security (Dec. 2018, co-author); ‘Trends in world military expenditure, 2018’, SIPRI Fact Sheet (Apr. 2019, co-author); and ‘Trends in international arms transfers, 2018’, SIPRI Fact Sheet (Mar. 2019, co-author).

Citation (MLA):
"." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 15 Dec. 2019. <https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198839996/sipri-9780198839996-miscMatter-9.xml>.
Citation (APA):
(2016). . In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2019: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 15 Dec. 2019, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198839996/sipri-9780198839996-miscMatter-9.xml
Citation (Chicago):
"." In SIPRI Yearbook 2019: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 15 Dec. 2019, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198839996/sipri-9780198839996-miscMatter-9.xml
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