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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2020

SIPRI Yearbook 2020

3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the Americas

Chapter:
3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the Americas
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2020
Author(s):
Marina Caparini

In 2019 non-international armed conflicts, as defined under international humanitarian law, were present in two countries in the Americas: Colombia and Mexico. Implementation of the 2016 Colombian peace agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia–People’s Army continued throughout 2019. At the same time the Government of Colombia was involved in several non-international armed conflicts with non-signatory non-state armed groups, while there were additional conflicts among such groups. The fragmentation and growing presence of these groups threaten to destabilize the fragile peace that has sustained since ratification of the peace agreement. In Mexico amid record levels of homicides, a non-international armed conflict has also emerged between the state and the criminal syndicate Jalisco New Generation Cartel. Beyond the strict definitions of international humanitarian law, various forms of armed violence affected these and other countries across the region.

Citation (MLA):
Caparini, Marina. "3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the Americas." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 28 Nov. 2020. <https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198869207/sipri-9780198869207-chapter-003.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Caparini, M. (2016). 3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the Americas. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2020: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 28 Nov. 2020, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198869207/sipri-9780198869207-chapter-003.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Caparini, Marina. "3. Armed conflict and peace processes in the Americas." In SIPRI Yearbook 2020: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 28 Nov. 2020, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198869207/sipri-9780198869207-chapter-003.xml
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