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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2020

SIPRI Yearbook 2020

7. Armed conflict and peace processes in sub-Saharan Africa

Chapter:
7. Armed conflict and peace processes in sub-Saharan Africa
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2020
Author(s):
Ian Davis

There were at least 15 countries with active armed conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa in 2019: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, the Central African Republic (CAR), Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan. Eight were low-intensity, subnational armed conflicts, and seven were high-intensity armed conflicts (Nigeria, Somalia, the DRC, Burkina Faso, Mali, South Sudan and Cameroon). Almost all the armed conflicts were internationalized, including as a result of state actors (whether directly or through proxies) and the transnational activities of violent Islamist groups, other armed groups and criminal networks. The conflict dynamics and ethnic and religious tensions were often rooted in a combination of state weakness, corruption, ineffective delivery of basic services, competition over natural resources, inequality and a sense of marginalization. Two other cross-cutting issues continued to shape regional security: the continuing internationalization of counterterrorism activities, and water scarcity and the growing impact of climate change (see section I).

Citation (MLA):
Davis, Ian. "7. Armed conflict and peace processes in sub-Saharan Africa." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 28 Nov. 2020. <https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198869207/sipri-9780198869207-chapter-007.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Davis, I. (2016). 7. Armed conflict and peace processes in sub-Saharan Africa. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2020: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 28 Nov. 2020, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198869207/sipri-9780198869207-chapter-007.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Davis, Ian. "7. Armed conflict and peace processes in sub-Saharan Africa." In SIPRI Yearbook 2020: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 28 Nov. 2020, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198869207/sipri-9780198869207-chapter-007.xml
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