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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2023

SIPRI Yearbook 2023

V. The course of the war in Ukraine

Chapter:
1. Introduction: International stability and human security in 2022
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2023
Author(s):
Dan Smith

Russia first invaded Ukraine in 2014, seizing Crimea and much of the eastern provinces of Donetsk and Luhansk, and triggering a continuing armed conflict in eastern Ukraine.84 Following a systematic build-up of its forces near the border during 2021, Russia invaded Ukraine for the second time on 24 February 2022. Full-scale war ensued. Whereas the 2014 action was carried out in part by stealth, the 2022 invasion was an open act of aggression. As in 2014, the February 2022 action had no justification in the form of a Ukrainian attack or threat of one. The invasion breached Ukraine’s national sovereignty, the UN Charter and the 1994 Budapest Memorandum, in which Russia undertook, along with the UK and the USA, to uphold Ukraine’s territorial sovereignty.85

Citation (MLA):
Smith, Dan. "1. Introduction: International stability and human security in 2022." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 13 Apr. 2024. <https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-001-div1-013.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Smith, D. (2016). 1. Introduction: International stability and human security in 2022. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2023: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 13 Apr. 2024, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-001-div1-013.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Smith, Dan. "1. Introduction: International stability and human security in 2022." In SIPRI Yearbook 2023: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 13 Apr. 2024, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-001-div1-013.xml
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