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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2023

SIPRI Yearbook 2023

1. Introduction: International stability and human security in 2022

Chapter:
1. Introduction: International stability and human security in 2022
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2023
Author(s):
Dan Smith

Global security in 2022 showed a marked deterioration compared to a decade ago. The problem is not only the Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 and the ensuing war, though that has inevitably and rightly claimed a great deal of international attention. Worldwide, there is more war, with open armed conflict in 56 countries in 2022 compared to fewer than 30 in 2010.1 There is more military spending, with the total now standing at US$2.2 trillion in 2022, registering an increase for the eighth successive year.2 Acute food insecurity increased to over 200 million and by some estimates up to 345 million people needed emergency food assistance.3 As a result of climate change, heatwaves, drought and flooding affected millions of people, with major human and economic costs.4 In addition, respect for international law has declined, confrontation has increased and arms control has become less effective.

Citation (MLA):
Smith, Dan. "1. Introduction: International stability and human security in 2022." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 24 Apr. 2024. <https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-001.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Smith, D. (2016). 1. Introduction: International stability and human security in 2022. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2023: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 24 Apr. 2024, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-001.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Smith, Dan. "1. Introduction: International stability and human security in 2022." In SIPRI Yearbook 2023: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 24 Apr. 2024, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-001.xml
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