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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2023

SIPRI Yearbook 2023

4. Private military and security companies in armed conflict

Chapter:
4. Private military and security companies in armed conflict
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2023
Author(s):
Ori Swed, Marina Caparini, Sorcha Macleod

The last 20 years have witnessed the rapid growth of private military and security companies (PMSCs). This chapter begins by presenting an overview of the trend and highlights the issues of concern, the key legal and definitional complexities, and efforts to date to map the proliferation of PMSCs (section I). There is no universally accepted, legally binding, standard definition of a PMSC and the sector often operates in a legal lacuna: the employees of PMSCs are not soldiers or civilians, nor can they usually be defined as mercenaries. The wars in Iraq (2003–11) and Afghanistan (2001–21) reshaped perceptions of the private military and security industry, with the massive deployment of contractors by the United States leading to new market opportunities across the globe.

Citation (MLA):
Swed, Ori, Marina Caparini, and Sorcha Macleod. "4. Private military and security companies in armed conflict." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 20 May. 2024. <https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-004.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Swed, O., Caparini, M., & Macleod, S. (2016). 4. Private military and security companies in armed conflict. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2023: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 20 May. 2024, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-004.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Swed, Ori, Marina Caparini, and Sorcha Macleod. "4. Private military and security companies in armed conflict." In SIPRI Yearbook 2023: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 20 May. 2024, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-004.xml
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