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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2023

SIPRI Yearbook 2023

I. Health security

Chapter:
9. Chemical, biological and health security threats
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2023
Author(s):
Filippa Lentzos, Una Jakob

By the end of 2022, the World Health Organization (WHO) had received reports of over 730 million cases of Covid-19 worldwide.1 The actual number of infections is likely to be considerably higher from undiagnosed cases and generally poor Covid-19-related data.2 As of 31 December 2022, the WHO reported over 270 million cases in Europe, over 186 million in the Americas, over 181 million in the western Pacific, over 60 million in south-east Asia, over 23 million in the eastern Mediterranean, and nearly 10 million in Africa. The five countries with the highest cumulative number of reported cases in 2022 were, in descending order, the United States, China, India, France and Germany.3

Citation (MLA):
Lentzos, Filippa, and Una Jakob. "9. Chemical, biological and health security threats." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 12 Apr. 2024. <https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-009-div1-008.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Lentzos, F., & Jakob, U. (2016). 9. Chemical, biological and health security threats. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2023: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 Apr. 2024, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-009-div1-008.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Lentzos, Filippa, and Una Jakob. "9. Chemical, biological and health security threats." In SIPRI Yearbook 2023: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 12 Apr. 2024, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-009-div1-008.xml
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