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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2023

SIPRI Yearbook 2023

III. Biological weapon disarmament and non-proliferation

Chapter:
9. Chemical, biological and health security threats
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2023
Author(s):
Filippa Lentzos, Una Jakob

The principal legal instrument against biological warfare is the 1972 Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction (Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention, BWC).1 In 2022 Namibia deposited its instrument of accession, becoming the 185th state party.2 A further four states have signed but not ratified the convention, and nine states have neither signed nor ratified the convention.

Citation (MLA):
Lentzos, Filippa, and Una Jakob. "9. Chemical, biological and health security threats." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 12 Apr. 2024. <https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-009-div1-010.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Lentzos, F., & Jakob, U. (2016). 9. Chemical, biological and health security threats. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2023: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 Apr. 2024, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-009-div1-010.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Lentzos, Filippa, and Una Jakob. "9. Chemical, biological and health security threats." In SIPRI Yearbook 2023: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 12 Apr. 2024, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-009-div1-010.xml
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