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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2023

SIPRI Yearbook 2023

11. Space and cyberspace

Chapter:
11. Space and cyberspace
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2023
Author(s):
Nivedita Raju, Lora Saalman

The space and cyberspace domains featured prominently in the war in Ukraine in 2022, illustrating their overlap: the space–cyber nexus. There are three aspects to this overlap (see section I). First, there is scope for cyberattacks to be directed against space systems, in particular the digital components on which they rely to transmit data. Second, the two domains share similar challenges with respect to international governance due to the difficulties in attributing the source of attacks and in establishing state accountability. Third, international law, including international humanitarian law, applies to both the space and cyberspace domains, yet because their systems are often dual-use—serving both civilian and military functions—and used by multiple states, there are questions regarding lawful targeting of such systems.

Citation (MLA):
Raju, Nivedita, and Lora Saalman. "11. Space and cyberspace." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 24 Apr. 2024. <https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-011.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Raju, N., & Saalman, L. (2016). 11. Space and cyberspace. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2023: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 24 Apr. 2024, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-011.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Raju, Nivedita, and Lora Saalman. "11. Space and cyberspace." In SIPRI Yearbook 2023: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 24 Apr. 2024, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-011.xml
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