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Contents

SIPRI Yearbook 2023

SIPRI Yearbook 2023

III. The role and impact of multilateral trade restrictions on Russia and Belarus

Chapter:
12. Dual-use and arms trade controls
Source:
SIPRI Yearbook 2023
Author(s):
Mark Bromley

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 galvanized the European Union (EU), the United States and several other Western-aligned countries to apply a series of sanctions against both Russia and Belarus.1 These measures included sectoral sanctions, banking restrictions, road and maritime transport bans, travel bans and asset freezes. While the sanctions lists do not always overlap, by the end of December 2022, the USA, the EU and the United Kingdom had each added approximately 1500 new Russia-related individuals and entities to their respective consolidated lists of sanctioned persons.2 Within the EU’s nine sanctions packages, for example, this represented an approximate doubling of its entire sanctions portfolio across the dozens of sanctions regimes it implements.

Citation (MLA):
Bromley, Mark. "12. Dual-use and arms trade controls." SIPRI Yearbook. SIPRI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2016. Web. 12 Apr. 2024. <https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-012-div1-004.xml>.
Citation (APA):
Bromley, M. (2016). 12. Dual-use and arms trade controls. In SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 2023: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 Apr. 2024, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-012-div1-004.xml
Citation (Chicago):
Bromley, Mark. "12. Dual-use and arms trade controls." In SIPRI Yearbook 2023: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016). Retrieved 12 Apr. 2024, from https://www.sipriyearbook.org/view/9780198890720/sipri-9780198890720-chapter-012-div1-004.xml
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